Complementary and alternative medicine

Complementary and alternative medicine are activities performed by practitioners for the purpose of improving the health of the user of the service. Complementary and alternative medicine includes measures and activities based on complementary and alternative medicine systems and methods which are performed in a way that does not harm human health. 

The complementary and alternative medicine system is an organised system, which includes theoretical bases, education, training and the practice of complementary and alternative medicine. The following systems are used in the practice of complementary and alternative medicine:

  • traditional Chinese medicine;
  • Ayurveda – traditional Hindu medicine;
  • homeopathy;
  • other types of complementary and alternative medicine.


The method of complementary and alternative medicine is a method of the complementary and alternative medicine practitioner’s approach to improving health of clients. As per their fundamental manner of implementation, the methods of complementary and alternative medicine are defined as:

  • "methods of interaction between the body and mind" are methods which enhance the ability of the mind to impact the functioning of the body;
  • "biologically-based methods" are methods in which food, medicinal herbs and micronutrients are used for the treatment and also prevention of diseases;
  • "manipulative and physical methods" are methods which heal and also prevent diseases by moving parts of the body, and
  • "energy methods" are methods of influencing the biofield and interacting with the biofield. The biofield is supposed to be at least a partly coherent endogenous bioelectric field of organisms, which reflects their biological state.


A practitioner is permitted to perform complementary and alternative medical practice if he or she has adequate premises and equipment and holds a valid licence for the practice.

If the the user of the service or his or her guardian so desires, a practitioner of complementary and alternative medicine may exceptionally perform the practice on the user or his or her family members at the home of the user of the service.


Conditions and evidence

Responsible: Ministry of Health | Last updated: 21. 12. 2015