Scientific associates perform a scientific research programme.
Their titles are:
- scientific councillor,
- higher scientific associate,
- scientific associate.
Scientific associates with the exception of scientific councillors receive their title for a five-year period.
Scientific councillors receive their title permanently.
Candidates can be elected to win titles for areas as determined by the higher education institution.
A candidate can receive a title for one or several areas of work.
A candidate can receive a title with appropriate education and verified pedagogical abilities and if they fulfil other conditions determined in the Minimum standards for election of titles of higher education teachers, scientific workers and higher education associates at higher education institutions.