Measures for the protection of exposed workers

In order to provide for the protection of exposed workers, interns and students against ionising radiation (hereinafter referred to as: radiation protection), the employer must provide the following during a radiation activity:

  • assessment of the protection of exposed workers against radiation and the plan of optimisation of protection of people and the environment against ionising radiation in all working conditions;
  • preliminary overview of the facility's plan of the premises and the equipment in it as regards the protection against ionising radiation;
  • classification of working sites and their indication with respect to the zones under observation and under surveillance zones in relation to an assessment of anticipated annual doses and the probability and size of potential exposures;
  • classification of exposed workers into two categories in terms of probability and size of potential exposure;
  • implementation of written technical, medical and administrative procedures related to the operation or management of radiation, nuclear or less significant radiation facility or the use of a radiation source;
  • training of exposed workers, interns and students who use radiation sources or who work in an observed and controlled area, refreshing knowledge and regular assessment of competence with respect to radiation protection procedures;
  • familiarisation of exposed workers, interns and students with the content of technical, medical and administrative procedures related to the operation, management or use of radiation source;
  • familiarisation of exposed workers, interns and students with the health risks, and particularly familiarisation of women with the need to announce pregnancy and lactation as early as possible;
  • implementation of supervision measures, measurements and exposure assessment for different posts in different fields and working conditions, including personal dosimetry;
  • protection equipment and verification of the effectiveness of protection equipment and protection and rescue procedures;
  • regular calibration of the measuring equipment, verification of its shelf life and correct use;
  • medical surveillance;
  • instant notification to the competent authorities when dose limits are exceeded, when the working environment is contaminated or in case of an emergency.
Radiation protection measures must be carried out with radiation activities, where it is possible that the annual exposure of workers exceeds the annual effective dose limits for individuals from the population or one-tenth of the prescribed equivalent dose limit for eye lenses, the skin or extremities for the exposed worker.

Last updated: 16. 03. 2016