Providing radiation and nuclear safety for nuclear and radiation facilities

A nuclear facility, radiation facility or less significant radiation facility may not be built, tested, operated or used in any other manner nor may its operations be permanently ceased unless prescribed consents and permits have been issued.

The operator of the facility must ensure safety of the facility referred to in the preceding paragraph including safety in managing radioactive materials, radioactive waste or spent fuel contained or generated in these facilities.

The operators of the nuclear and radiation facilities must acquire an opinion by an authorised expert for radiation and nuclear safety with regard to individual issues of radiation and nuclear safety. Authorised experts for radiation and nuclear safety are legal or natural entities who acquire the authorisation of the authority competent for nuclear safety.

The operator of the radiation or nuclear facility must ensure the implementation of the programmes for monitoring the operating experience of the radiation or nuclear facilities.

The findings of the programmes referred to in the preceding paragraph must be taken into account by the operator of the radiation or nuclear facility in the assessment, verification and improvement of radiation and nuclear safety.

The operator of the radiation or nuclear facility must be supported by adequate financial resources in order to implement the required measures in the field of radiation or nuclear safety throughout the entire operating period of the facility and until the completion of decommissioning and, if the facility is a landfill, for its long-term monitoring period after its closure.

In the entire operating period of the radiation or nuclear facility and until the completion of decommissioning the operator must ensure a sufficient number of workers with appropriate knowledge and skills, who are trained and have passed additional education for all the activities related to radiation and nuclear safety. The operator must ensure proper attitude of workers towards radiation and nuclear safety.

The investor or the operator of the radiation or nuclear facility must ensure that the facility is managed safely and in accordance with the regulations. The operator of the radiation or nuclear facility must establish, implement, evaluate and continuously improve the management system and describe it in the documents of the management system.

Last updated: 16. 03. 2016