The radiation and nuclear facility operator must prepare a risk assessment in accordance with the law on the protection against natural and other accidents, which is used to establish whether intervention measures outside the area of the radiation or nuclear facility are required. If such measures are required, the operator must prepare a protection and rescue plan; in the contrary case, the operator must prepare instructions on how to act during extraordinary events.
The radiation or nuclear facility operator must present the distribution of probable extraordinary events in the protection and rescue plan, i.e. with regard to the levels of risk, and plan the scope of intervention measures with regard to the level of danger of the extraordinary event.
Based on the distribution of probable extraordinary events, the radiation or nuclear facility operator must ensure the implementation of preventive protection measures, i.e. ensure and restore the inventories of potassium iodide tables for the needs of an iodide prophylaxis intervention measure.
Based on the distribution of probable extraordinary events, the radiation or nuclear facility operator must ensure technical and other conditions so that the assessment of the consequences of the extraordinary event and decision making on the scope of necessary intervention measures are ensured during the extraordinary event. The qualification of the operator to implement assessments and decisions under the previous sentence must be shown in the security report.
It must be ensured in the preparation of protection and rescue plans and the implementation of the planned intervention measures:
- that the reduced damage to health due to the intervention justifies the costs and damage caused by the intervention methods;
- that the method, scope and duration of intervention measures are optimised so that the reduction of damage to human health is optimised in comparison with the increased damage due to the implementation of intervention measures;
- the consideration of stipulated limit doses for intervention exposure and intervention levels.
The operator of a radiation or nuclear facility and the operator of a radiation activity with a high activity source of radiation must send the carriers of protection and rescue planning all available technical data on the source of radiation and data from the security report which are needed in the implementation of the national and local protection and rescue plan.
The facility operator must be prepared for an extraordinary event and in such vase perform intervention measures according to the facility protection and rescue plan and implement measures that are stipulated in state and local protection and rescue plans.
The facility operator and those conducting measure implementation according to the local and state protection and rescue plan must regularly notify the public on important facts arising from the protection and rescue plans.
In the case of an extraordinary event under this law, the facility operator must notify as soon as possible the authority that issued the licence to pursue activities involving radiation activity and other competent authorities, i.e. according to the regulations on the protection against natural and other accidents, these authorities immediately notify the public on the affected area on important facts with regard to the extraordinary event.
If the event involves the transport of nuclear substances, radioactive substances, spent fuel or radioactive waste, the transporter is obliged to notify the authorities according to the previous paragraph.
The regulation on protection against natural and other accidents apply to the manner and scope of notifying the public, the population in the affected area and the competent ministries and authorities under this article and to the procedure of regular inspection and confirmation of notifications to the public on important facts under the protection and rescue plans.