Status and registration
Higher education institutions are universities, faculties, academies of art and higher professional education institutions.
Higher education institutions may be established by domestic and foreign natural persons and legal entities.
Universities are legal entities. Faculties and academies of art as well as higher professional education institutions and other institutions are established within universities, which are deemed members of universities (hereinafter referred to as ‘members of universities’).
Members of universities have the rights and obligations determined by the Higher Education Act (ZVis), the Articles of Association of universities, and the statute of universities.
When implementing the national higher educational programme for which funds are provided by the Republic of Slovenia, members of universities act in legal transactions with authorisations determined by the Articles of Association and the statute of universities in the name and for the account of universities.
In other cases, members of universities act in legal transactions in their own name and for their own account in accordance with the Articles of Association and the statute of universities.
An international university federation with its head office in the Republic of Slovenia is established on the basis of a written agreement or contract by at least one university established in accordance with this Act that has accredited study programmes in at least three fields according to the ISCED classification, and research activity in at least three fields according to the Frascati Manual, and at least one university with its head office outside the Republic of Slovenia accredited in a country of its head office. Together with the identified universities, an international university federation may also be established by other universities, other university federations or networks, higher education and research organisations with head office in or outside the Republic of Slovenia.
Universities established by the Republic of Slovenia need the consent of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia to establish an international university federation.
Faculties and academies of art that are not higher education institutions and higher professional education institutions may be established as independent higher education institutions and are legal entities.
Independent higher education institutions are merged in an association of independent higher education institutions to discuss and harmonise common issues.
An association of independent higher education institutions becomes representative when it includes at least 70 per cent of all independent higher education institutions.
Independent higher education and other institutions may be included in universities as associate members.
Higher education institutions may be established if:
- study fields and science and research or art disciplines have been determined for which the institution is being established; the international ISCED classification has been used to define study fields, while the international Frascati Manual has been used to define science and research fields;
- suitable premises and equipment for the implementation of the programme have been provide;
- higher education lecturers, scientific workers and higher education co-workers required for the implementation of the programme have been ensured.
To establish a university, the conditions for the implementation of study programmes all three cycles must be met, to establish an independent higher education institution – a faculty or an academy of arts – the conditions for at least two cycles must be met, and to establish a higher education institution – a higher professional institution – the conditions for at least the first cycle must be met.
Prior to adopting the Articles of Association, the founder must acquire a decision on the accreditation of a higher education institution from the Slovenian Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education.